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Working Timeline of the LA Mural History

November 20, 2014
  • 1910-1917 Mexican Revolution
  • 1913 Earliest mural according to Street Gallery (TV-stereo storefront, interior, 217 w. 6th St)
  • 1920s José Vasconcelos, Secretary of Public Education, Mexico aims to educate public through murals. Siqueiros, Rivera and José Orozco work there.
  • 1923 Siquieros helps found Syndicate of Revolutionary Mexican Painters, Sculptors and Engravers. Publish a manifesto for collective art.
  • 1927 Orozco moves to United States
  • 1930s Siquieros exiled
  • 1932 America Tropical: Olvera Street mural by David Alfaro Siqueiros
  • 1933-1943 New Deal/WPA funds about 50 murals in Los Angeles area
    petrochrome technique developed
  • 1938 America Tropical completely whitewashed
  • 1949 Golden State Mutual Life Insurance Company murals (by Charles Alston and Hale A. Woodruff)
  • 1952-1979 Millard Sheets oversees Home Savings and Loans architecturals and murals
  • 1967 The Wall of Respect, organized by William Walker, Chicago, considered first community mural in the United States
  • 1968 Cityarts, NYC. Artists and community orgs begin to cooperate in structured way
  • 1968 America Tropical: Jesus Trevino makes a documentary about it
  • 1969 Chaz Bojorquez begins to write cholo-style graffiti as art in LA
  • 1969-1974 LA Fine Arts Squad (Terry Schoonhoven, Victor Henderson, Jim Frazen, Leonard Koren) , active in Venice
  • 1971 City money used to develop murals through neighborhood youth programs
  • 1973 Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) signed into law by Nixon. Funds artist community to contribute to Great Wall
  • 1974 Los Four Exhibit, LACMA
  • 1974 Citywide Murals Program
    started by General Manager of the Department of Recreation and Parks, Sy Greben, after he sees the work of Judith Baca is Director
  • 1974-1983 Great Wall production
  • 1975 Street Writers. Transcribed audio tour of East Los Angeles graffiti in the early 1970’s by Chaz Bojorquez + Italian photographer Gusmano Cesaretti. A pioneer book in the Chicano and Graffiti culture.
  • 1976 National Murals Conference, NYC. first gathering. >150 muralists
  • 1976 Baca forms SPARC with Donna Deitch + Christina Schlesinger
  • 1977 America Tropical: Jean Bruce Poole, Shifra Goldman, and Trevino work to get the condition of the mural reassessed
  • 1978 America Tropical: The 1st protective  shelter for the mural goes up
  • 1980 California Art Preservation Act requires owners of artworks to give artists 30 days’ notice to remove their works before they are destroyed
  • 1983 Style Wars. Seminal documentary on hip hop culture, including graffiti
  • 1984 Subway Art. Documents early NYC graffiti scene.
  • 1988 America Tropical: Conservation begun
  • 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles; Los Angeles Olympic Arts Festival; Olympic Freeway Mural Project. “For those living in parts of town with few neighborhood murals, those on the freeways were an eye-opener.” – Street Gallery
  • 1986 City addresses murals in regulations. Defines them as “mural signs” but exempted them from new billboard regulations
  • 1986 Twitchell’s Old Woman of the Freeway painted over for billboard ads; KT gets $175,000 gets settlement
  • 1987 Mural Conservancy of Los Angeles formed
  • 1989 Metro begins funding public art in its stations. 0.5% of new rail’s construction costs are set aside for funding public art
  • 1990 City was sued by the advertising industry that it was unfairly privileging murals over advertising
  • 1990 Percent for Public Art launched in LA. One percent of all capital improvement costs to commission public artwork
  • 1990 Venice Pavilion, site or murals, turned over to graffiti writers and becomes “Graffiti Pit”
  • 1991 Getty and Los Angeles Cultural Affairs Department sponsor all-day conference: “Street Art/Graffiti Vandalism”
  • 1992 Long Beach Parks and Recreation and Summer Youth Employment Training hires 80 youth to create portable murals to exhibit around the cities
  • 1997 17 crews of writers paricipate in all-day restoration of the Graffiti Pit at Venice Beach. Organized by SPARC
  • 2002 City-wide moratorium on both ads and murals (in response to 1990 suit/to avoid costly suits)
  • 2006, Kent Twitchell settles with government and other defendents for the painting over of the 70 foot “Ed Ruscha Monument”; gets 1.1 million
  • 2011 Caltrans starts showcasing murals in banner form near original locations on the 110 Freeway
  • 2011 Art in the Streets, show on street art at MOCA
  • 2011 LA Freewalls Project
  • 2011 Pacific Standard Time showcases many murals
  • 2012 America Tropical once again accessible to public
  • 2013 Mural Ordinance passes

Architecture Branding — Overview

August 17, 2014

While researching for an architecture branding project, I compiled a PDF of architecture logos. It was a great resource to have while discussing with clients what they wanted, so I wanted to share. Screenshots below, and here’s a PDF. architecture, branding, logo, research, brand, identity, study, studio, design, graphic, survey, overview, summary, background architecture, branding, logo, research, brand, identity, study, studio, design, graphic, survey, overview, summary, background architecture, branding, logo, research, brand, identity, study, studio, design, graphic, survey, overview, summary, background  graphic, survey, overview, summary, background, architecture, branding, logo, research, brand, identity, study, studio, design,  graphic, survey, overview, summary, background, architecture, branding, logo, research, brand, identity, study, studio, design,  graphic, survey, overview, summary, background, architecture, branding, logo, research, brand, identity, study, studio, design,

Whoah

April 19, 2013

http://www.magazinedesigning.com/

Three Magazine Resources

April 11, 2013

http://magazinewall.tumblr.com/
http://magculture.com/blog/
http://www.coverjunkie.com/

Good Resource — Cover Junkie

April 11, 2013

http://www.coverjunkie.com/

This

December 30, 2012

 

 

Adaptation

 

Lovely Chrome Experiment

October 2, 2012

http://mrdoob.com/projects/chromeexperiments/google_gravity/